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License for Use of "Physicians' Current Procedural Terminology", (CPT) Fourth Edition

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Any use not authorized herein is prohibited, including by way of illustration and not by way of limitation, making copies of CPT for resale and/or license, transferring copies of CPT to any party not bound by this agreement, creating any modified or derivative work of CPT, or making any commercial use of CPT. License to use CPT for any use not authorized here in must be obtained through the AMA, CPT Intellectual Property Services, 515 N. State Street, Chicago, IL 60610. Applications are available at the AMA websiteExternal Website.

This product includes CPT which is commercial technical data and/or computer data bases and/or commercial computer software and/or commercial computer software documentation, as applicable which were developed exclusively at private expense by the American Medical Association, 515 North State Street, Chicago, Illinois, 60610. U.S. Government rights to use, modify, reproduce, release, perform, display, or disclose these technical data and/or computer data bases and/or computer software and/or computer software documentation are subject to the limited rights restrictions of DFARS 252.227-7015(b)(2)(June 1995) and/or subject to the restrictions of DFARS 227.7202-1(a)(June 1995) and DFARS 227.7202-3(a)June 1995), as applicable for U.S. Department of Defense procurements and the limited rights restrictions of FAR 52.227-14 (June 1987) and/or subject to the restricted rights provisions of FAR 52.227-14 (June 1987) and FAR 52.227-19 (June 1987), as applicable, and any applicable agency FAR Supplements, for non-Department Federal procurements.

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The scope of this license is determined by the AMA, the copyright holder. Any questions pertaining to the license or use of the CPT must be addressed to the AMA. End Users do not act for or on behalf of the CMS. CMS DISCLAIMS RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY LIABILITY ATTRIBUTABLE TO END USER USE OF THE CPT. CMS WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIMS ATTRIBUTABLE TO ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS, OR OTHER INACCURACIES IN THE INFORMATION OR MATERIAL CONTAINED ON THIS PAGE. In no event shall CMS be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use of such information or material.

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POINT AND CLICK LICENSE FOR USE OF "CURRENT DENTAL TERMINOLOGY", ("CDT")

End User License Agreement

These materials contain Current Dental Terminology, Fourth Edition (CDT), copyright © 2002, 2004 American Dental Association (ADA). All rights reserved. CDT is a trademark of the ADA.

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  1. Subject to the terms and conditions contained in this Agreement, you, your employees, and agents are authorized to use CDT-4 only as contained in the following authorized materials and solely for internal use by yourself, employees and agents within your organization within the United States and its territories. Use of CDT-4 is limited to use in programs administered by Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). You agree to take all necessary steps to ensure that your employees and agents abide by the terms of this agreement. You acknowledge that the ADA holds all copyright, trademark and other rights in CDT-4. You shall not remove, alter, or obscure any ADA copyright notices or other proprietary rights notices included in the materials.
  2. Any use not authorized herein is prohibited, including by way of illustration and not by way of limitation, making copies of CDT-4 for resale and/or license, transferring copies of CDT-4 to any party not bound by this agreement, creating any modified or derivative work of CDT-4, or making any commercial use of CDT-4. License to use CDT-4 for any use not authorized herein must be obtained through the American Dental Association, 211 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611. Applications are available at the American Dental Association websiteExternal Website.
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February 15, 2012 - Revised: 02.01.22

February is American Heart Month

  • Cardiovascular disease includes all the diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels including coronary heart disease. Coronary heart disease can lead to myocardial infarctions and strokes.
  • Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States (Grainger, 2021).
  • Around 655,000 Americans die of heart disease per year (American Heart Month, 2021). This is about one in every four deaths (American Heart Month, 2021).
  •  In the US, an estimated 805,000 people have a myocardial infarction (American Heart Month, 2021).
  • In the United States, approximately half of the adult population has high blood pressure (5 Surprising Facts About High Blood Pressure | cdc.gov, 2020)
  • High blood pressure is often asymptomatic and therefore many are unaware that they even have this condition.
  • Uncontrolled high blood pressure increases a person’s risk for heart disease and cerebrovascular accidents.
  • There may be a link between high blood pressure and a higher risk for dementia (5 Surprising Facts About High Blood Pressure | cdc.gov, 2020).

The month of February has been designated American Heart Month. It is opportune time for educating about the importance of heart health, recognizing the signs and symptoms of cardiovascular disease, and controlling modifiable risk factors.

Risk factors
While there are some nonmodifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease that we can’t control such as age, family history, and ethnicity, we do have control over modifiable risk factors such as lack of exercise, smoking, and poor/unhealthy diet.

Signs and Symptoms
One of the major complications of coronary heart disease is an acute myocardial infarction, also known as a heart attack. It is important for everyone to understand the warning signs and symptoms of a possible myocardial infarction so treatment can be obtained as soon as possible. Early treatment can assist in reducing the amount of damage the heart muscle may sustain.

Screening
The Medicare-covered preventive screening tests used for cardiovascular disease are the cardiovascular disease screening tests. The cardiovascular disease screening tests measure cholesterol. lipid, and triglyceride levels. The results of these tests help determine whether the patient is at a higher risk for cardiovascular diseases such as myocardial infarctions and cerebrovascular accidents.

Treatment/Prevention
Cardiovascular disease may be preventable with regular screening and follow-up care. You can promote the health of your Medicare beneficiaries.

  • Encourage your patients to schedule annual wellness visits and health screenings. Medicare covers Cardiovascular Disease Screening Tests. Discuss this Medicare covered benefits with your patients and encourage them to enroll.
  • Talk to your patients about heart health including risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
  • Discuss with your patients about the warning signs and symptoms of a myocardial infarction and what they should do if they experience these signs or symptoms.
  • Educate your patients on healthy habits such as exercising, eating a well-balanced diet including foods that are low in salt, fat, and cholesterol, lowering stress levels, controlling weight (or losing weight if needed), and getting enough sleep.
  • Discuss with your patients about possible physical activity restrictions and limitations following a myocardial infarction.
  • Encourage your patients to refrain from or to limit use of alcohol. Discuss with your patients the link between alcohol use and risk for cardiovascular disease.
  • Discuss with your patient about cardiac rehabilitation and encourage them to enroll if applicable.
  • If your patients are currently on cardiovascular, antihypertensive, and/or cholesterol-lowering  medications, review the importance of regularly taking medications. Address any questions they may have regarding the medications prescribed.
  • Monitor your patients’ blood pressure levels. Manage and treat accordingly. Educate your patients about the relationship between elevated blood pressure and cardiovascular disease.
  • Monitor your patients’ blood glucose levels. Manage and treat accordingly. Educate your patients about the relationship between elevated blood glucose levels and cardiovascular disease.
  • Monitor your patients’ cholesterol levels. Manage and treat accordingly. Educate your patients about the relationship between elevated cholesterol levels and cardiovascular disease.
  • Encourage your patients to quit smoking. Instruct your patients on the effects of smoking and the link between smoking and risk for cardiovascular disease. Medicare covers counseling to prevent tobacco use for those patients that qualify. Discuss this Medicare covered benefit with your patients and encourage them to enroll.
  • Medicare covers Intensive Behavioral Therapy (IBT) for Cardiovascular Disease and Intensive Behavioral Therapy (IBT) for Obesity for those patients that qualify. Discuss these Medicare covered benefits with your patients and encourage them to enroll if applicable.

To learn more about Medicare-covered services, visit CMS Preventive ServicesExternal Website:

For More Information:

References

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