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License for Use of "Physicians' Current Procedural Terminology", (CPT) Fourth Edition

End User/Point and Click Agreement: CPT codes, descriptions and other data only are copyright 2009 American Medical Association (AMA). All Rights Reserved (or such other date of publication of CPT). CPT is a trademark of the AMA.

You, your employees and agents are authorized to use CPT only as contained in the following authorized materials including but not limited to CGS fee schedules, general communications, Medicare Bulletin, and related materials internally within your organization within the United States for the sole use by yourself, employees, and agents. Use is limited to use in Medicare, Medicaid, or other programs administered by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). You agree to take all necessary steps to insure that your employees and agents abide by the terms of this agreement.

Any use not authorized herein is prohibited, including by way of illustration and not by way of limitation, making copies of CPT for resale and/or license, transferring copies of CPT to any party not bound by this agreement, creating any modified or derivative work of CPT, or making any commercial use of CPT. License to use CPT for any use not authorized here in must be obtained through the AMA, CPT Intellectual Property Services, 515 N. State Street, Chicago, IL 60610. Applications are available at the AMA websiteExternal Website.

This product includes CPT which is commercial technical data and/or computer data bases and/or commercial computer software and/or commercial computer software documentation, as applicable which were developed exclusively at private expense by the American Medical Association, 515 North State Street, Chicago, Illinois, 60610. U.S. Government rights to use, modify, reproduce, release, perform, display, or disclose these technical data and/or computer data bases and/or computer software and/or computer software documentation are subject to the limited rights restrictions of DFARS 252.227-7015(b)(2)(June 1995) and/or subject to the restrictions of DFARS 227.7202-1(a)(June 1995) and DFARS 227.7202-3(a)June 1995), as applicable for U.S. Department of Defense procurements and the limited rights restrictions of FAR 52.227-14 (June 1987) and/or subject to the restricted rights provisions of FAR 52.227-14 (June 1987) and FAR 52.227-19 (June 1987), as applicable, and any applicable agency FAR Supplements, for non-Department Federal procurements.

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CPT is provided "as is" without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, including but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. AMA warrants that due to the nature of CPT, it does not manipulate or process dates, therefore there is no Year 2000 issue with CPT. AMA disclaims responsibility for any errors in CPT that may arise as a result of CPT being used in conjunction with any software and/or hardware system that is not Year 2000 compliant. No fee schedules, basic unit, relative values or related listings are included in CPT. The AMA does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or dispense medical services. The responsibility for the content of this file/product is with CGS or the CMS and no endorsement by the AMA is intended or implied. The AMA disclaims responsibility for any consequences or liability attributable to or related to any use, non-use, or interpretation of information contained or not contained in this file/product. This Agreement will terminate upon notice if you violate its terms. The AMA is a third party beneficiary to this Agreement.

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The scope of this license is determined by the AMA, the copyright holder. Any questions pertaining to the license or use of the CPT must be addressed to the AMA. End Users do not act for or on behalf of the CMS. CMS DISCLAIMS RESPONSIBILITY FOR ANY LIABILITY ATTRIBUTABLE TO END USER USE OF THE CPT. CMS WILL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIMS ATTRIBUTABLE TO ANY ERRORS, OMISSIONS, OR OTHER INACCURACIES IN THE INFORMATION OR MATERIAL CONTAINED ON THIS PAGE. In no event shall CMS be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use of such information or material.

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POINT AND CLICK LICENSE FOR USE OF "CURRENT DENTAL TERMINOLOGY", ("CDT")

End User License Agreement

These materials contain Current Dental Terminology, Fourth Edition (CDT), copyright © 2002, 2004 American Dental Association (ADA). All rights reserved. CDT is a trademark of the ADA.

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  1. Subject to the terms and conditions contained in this Agreement, you, your employees, and agents are authorized to use CDT-4 only as contained in the following authorized materials and solely for internal use by yourself, employees and agents within your organization within the United States and its territories. Use of CDT-4 is limited to use in programs administered by Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). You agree to take all necessary steps to ensure that your employees and agents abide by the terms of this agreement. You acknowledge that the ADA holds all copyright, trademark and other rights in CDT-4. You shall not remove, alter, or obscure any ADA copyright notices or other proprietary rights notices included in the materials.
  2. Any use not authorized herein is prohibited, including by way of illustration and not by way of limitation, making copies of CDT-4 for resale and/or license, transferring copies of CDT-4 to any party not bound by this agreement, creating any modified or derivative work of CDT-4, or making any commercial use of CDT-4. License to use CDT-4 for any use not authorized herein must be obtained through the American Dental Association, 211 East Chicago Avenue, Chicago, IL 60611. Applications are available at the American Dental Association websiteExternal Website.
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June 16, 2016

JW Modifier Use – Correct Coding – Revised - Effective for Claims with Dates of Service On or After January 1, 2017

Joint DME MAC Publication

Revised June 16, 2016 to reflect change in Effective Date
Revised May 19, 2016
Posted September 16, 2010

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) recently issued updated guidance on the billing of drug wastage to REQUIRE use of the JW modifier (DRUG AMOUNT DISCARDED/NOT ADMINISTERED TO ANY PATIENT). For the Durable Medical Equipment Medicare Administrative Contractors (DME MACs), the JW modifier only applies to the following local coverage determinations (LCDs):

These LCDs will be updated to include the JW modifier requirements. Required use of the JW modifier is effective for claims with dates of service (DOS) on or after January 1, 2017.

The Medicare Claims Processing Manual (Internet-only Manual 100-04), Chapter 17, Section 40 contains information on the use of the JW modifier for discarded drugs and biologicals. The Medicare program provides payment for the amount of a single use vial or other single use package of drug or biological discarded, in addition to the dose administered, up to the amount of the drug or biological. There are two scenarios that can occur:

Scenario 1
When the HCPCS code Unit of Service (UOS) is less than the drug quantity contained in the single use vial or single dose package, the following applies:

  • The quantity administered is billed on one claim line without the JW modifier; and,
  • The quantity discarded is billed on a separate claim line with the JW modifier.

In this scenario, the JW modifier must be billed on a separate line to provide payment for the amount of discarded drug or biological. For example:

  • A single use vial is labeled to contain 100 mg of a drug.
  • The drug's HCPCS code UOS is 1 UOS = 1 mg.
  • 95 mg of the 100 mg in the vial are administered to the beneficiary.
  • 5 mg remaining in the vial are discarded.
  • The 95 mg dose is billed on one claim line as 95 UOS.
  • The discarded 5 mg is billed as 5 UOS on a separate claim line with the JW modifier.
  • Both claim line items would be processed for payment.

Scenario 2
When the HCPCS code UOS is equal to or greater than the total of the actual dose and the amount discarded, use of the JW modifier is not permitted. If the quantity of drug administered is less that a full UOS, the billed UOS is rounded to the appropriate UOS. For example:

  • A single use vial is labeled to contain 100 mg of a drug.
  • The drug's HCPCS code UOS is 1 UOS = 100 mg.
  • 70 mg of the 100 mg in the vial are administered to the beneficiary.
  • 30 mg remaining in the vial are discarded.
  • The 70 mg dose is billed correctly by rounding up to one UOS (representing the entire 100 mg vial) on a single line item.
  • The single line item of 1 UOS would be processed for payment of the combined total 100 mg of administered and discarded drug.
  • The discarded 30 mg must not be billed as another 1 UOS on a separate line item with the JW modifier. Billing an additional 1 UOS for the discarded drug with the JW modifier is incorrect billing and will result in an overpayment.

Multi-use vials are not subject to payment for discarded amounts of drug or biological.

Claims for drugs billed to Medicare must use drug dosage formulations and/or unit dose sizes that minimize wastage. Providers and suppliers are expected to use drugs or biologicals most efficiently, in a clinically appropriate manner. Only when the most efficient combination of dosage forms are used and there is drug remaining may a supplier bill the discarded amount using the JW modifier on the claim line for the UOS not administered to the patient. Because of the HCPCS code descriptors and the associated UOS for DMEPOS items, the DME MACs expect rare use of the JW modifier on claims.

The JW modifier is used in conjunction with other modifiers listed in the applicable LCDs. For example, suppliers must add a JW modifier to codes for nebulizer drugs, in conjunction with the KX modifier, only if all of the criteria in the "Coverage Indications, Limitations and/or Medical Necessity" section of the Nebulizer LCD have been met.

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